HIV Awareness Days are designated each year by The American HIV Prevention Program as a way to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS. They give people a chance to inform themselves about the latest HIV information, development, and treatments. They also provide a platform for HIV educators and community leaders to address the issues of HIV and AIDS. There are several HIV Awareness Days scheduled yearly.
National HIV Education Program (NHER)
The National HIV Education Program, also known as the NHER, is a not-for-profit organization that has been providing HIV education and prevention materials to communities in the United States since 1993. HIV is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. This virus can affect people of all ages, but it is most commonly found in people who are engaged in high-risk behaviors.
One of the largest HIV/AIDS organizations in America, the AIDS organization (AIDS Inc.), recently announced a series of national advertisements regarding condom use. The ads focus on the message, “Condoms can save your life.”
They also include information about new research highlighting the increasing number of young adults ages 18 to 24 with HIV/AIDS. The campaign is being funded in part by the pharmaceutical company Merck. The company is currently conducting a study to determine the effect of the new ads on reducing new HIV diagnoses in the U.S.
Throughout the summer, there will be numerous public events, as well as digital and print advertisements, focusing on HIV awareness, HIV testing and HIV prevention. In addition to holding public events, many communities are creating HIV clubs or coordinating a neighborhood effort.
In June, representatives from local schools and churches are planning a neighborhood HIV prevention event. Events include a community cookout and a silent auction to raise money for HIV prevention and treatment programs.
A growing awareness of the need to get tested and implement programs that provide consistent HIV education has resulted in an increase in HIV testing among teens and young adults. Though data on the prevalence of HIV among this age group is not fully available, it is clear that HIV is a major concern.
HIV Logistic Regression Model
An HIV logistic regression model was developed to examine the relationship between HIV prevalence and several key factors related to sexual and reproductive behaviors. The logistic regression model examines the effect of a variety of potential HIV risk factors.
After conducting a series of interviews, a statistically significant difference in the perceived frequency of exposure was identified among adults living in various settings. For example, those living in high-risk areas of the nation were more likely to perceive a high frequency of unprotected sexual activity at least once in the previous six months.
While this data was very intriguing, there were some limitations to the study. For example, the participants were not asked about their past use of PSA testing or other screening tools to identify HIV or to determine their riskiness of contracting the disease.
As a result, the researchers could not identify any statistically significant association between HIV and genital herpes. Nevertheless, this finding highlights the importance of raising the awareness of sexually transmitted diseases to all Americans.
JAMA – Research Study
Another research study published in JAMA found a notable gender difference in the relationship between new HIV diagnoses and increased genital herpes prevalence. Men had a significantly higher prevalence of new HIV diagnoses compared to women. This pattern was consistent across several places in the country.
Other studies have suggested that there may be a gender difference in both HIV prevalence and genital herpes incidence, but they have been unable to verify whether this is simply due to variation in reporting practices among different populations or if there truly is a trend for men to be more at risk than women.